Citing GWAS Central

To cite GWAS Central in scientific communications, please state the full database name and URL (e.g. GWAS Central at along with the following publication reference, if appropriate:

T.Beck, T.Shorter, A.J.Brookes
GWAS Central: a comprehensive resource for the discovery and comparison of genotype and phenotype data from genome-wide association studies.
Nucleic Acids Research, (2020) 48:D933-D940.

Previous versions of the database were described here:

T.Beck, R.K.Hastings, S.Gollapudi, R.C.Free, A.J.Brookes.
GWAS Central: a comprehensive resource for the comparison and interrogation of genome-wide association studies.
European Journal of Human Genetics, (2014) 22:949-952.

G.A.Thorisson, O.Lancaster, R.C.Free, R.K.Hastings, P.Sarmah, D.Dash, S.K.Brahmachari, A.J.Brookes.
HGVbaseG2P: a central genetic association database.
Nucleic Acids Research, (2009) 37:D797-802.

D.Fredman, M.Siegfried, Y.P.Yuan , P.Bork, H.Lehvaslaiho, A.J.Brookes.
HGVbase: A human sequence variation database emphasizing data quality and a broad spectrum of data sources.
Nucleic Acids Research, (2002) 30:387-391.

A.J.Brookes, H.Lehvaslaiho, M.Siegfried, J.G.Boehm, Y.P.Yuan , C.M.Sarkar , P.Bork, F.Ortigao.
HGBASE: a database of SNPs and other variations in and around human genes.
Nucleic Acids Research, (2000) 28:356-360.